Salmonellosis is an infection caused by bacteria of the Salmonella family. It is most often observed in outbreak patterns, usually as the result of contaminated food and poor food hygiene. Mild disease can result in diarrhoea, fever, abdominal cramps and vomiting, but do not require specific treatment. However, certain types of Salmonella can result in Typhoid fever or Paratyphoid fever which are far more serious and can be fatal. Salmonellosis is one of the most common causes of diarrhoea globally, and in Europe, it is the second most common foodborne disease.